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Chinese Calligraphy: The Writing Art of Chinese Characters

Chinese Calligraphy is an ancient writing art of Chinese characters. It has evolved from oracle bone inscriptions, stone drum inscriptions, and bronze inscriptions (Zhong Dingwen) to large seal, small seal, and official scripts, to cursive scripts, regular scripts, and running scripts established in the Eastern Han, Wei, and Jin Dynasties. Calligraphy has been exuded artistic charm. Chinese Calligraphy is a very unique visual art. Chinese characters are an important factor in Chinese Calligraphy, because Chinese Calligraphy was produced and developed in Chinese culture, and Chinese characters are one of the basic elements of Chinese culture. Relying on Chinese characters is the main mark that distinguishes Chinese Calligraphy from other types of calligraphy.

In this long historical process, the social and cultural forms are changing, the controllers of cultural power and their academic thoughts are changing, the historical form of calligraphy and its evaluation criteria are changing, and the writing of words that can be called “calligraphy” is of course also changing. In the aristocratic cultural form, the development of calligraphy is synchronized with the evolution of the Chinese character system, based on the concept of “practicality-aesthetics”, used this as a lever to continuously simplify and rectify, and enforced it through the highest power center.

Calligraphy is an artistic expression of the beauty of characters. Chinese Calligraphy is a unique traditional art of Chinese characters. It is written with its calligraphy, structure and composition, making it a work of art with a sense of beauty.

China’s five thousand years of dazzling civilization and unparalleled rich written records have been recognized by the world. In the long history of China, Chinese calligraphy and painting art reproduced this diachronic evolution process with its unique art form and artistic language. The painting and calligraphy art of the same nature has interpreted the connotation of Chinese traditional culture with its complementarity and independence in the historical evolution. Because the tools and materials used in book and painting creation are consistent.

Chinese Calligraphy is an abstract symbolic art with four-dimensional characteristics based on Chinese characters and written with a brush. It embodies the basic law of “the unity of opposites” of everything and reflects the spirit, temperament, knowledge and cultivation of people as the subject.

The Chinese Knots

The Chinese knot is a hand-woven handicraft unique to China. The exquisiteness and wisdom displayed on it is an aspect of the ancient Chinese civilization. It was originally knotted from the sewing of the old stone age, and then extended to the ritual memorial of the Han Dynasty, and then evolved into today’s decorative craftsmanship.

The jade worn by Zhou dynasty people was often decorated with Chinese knots, and there were also Chinese knot patterns on the bronzes of the Warring States Period. The Chinese knots continued to become a popular art in the Qing Dynasty. Now, it is mostly used to decorate indoors, gifts between relatives and friends and personal accessories. Because of its symmetrical and exquisite appearance, it can represent China’s long history and conform to the customs and aesthetic concepts of traditional Chinese decoration, so it is named Chinese knot.

Chinese knots include double-money knots, button knots, pipa knots, cross knots, auspicious knots, swastika knots, algae knots, double knots, and silk bag knots. The Chinese knot represents unity, happiness and peace, especially among the folks. Its exquisite workmanship is deeply loved by the public.

Chinese knots are not only beautiful in shape and diverse in colors. “Blessings and happiness”, “Double happiness”, “Auspicious luck”, “A good journey” and Chinese knots are related with the Chinese knots, and all express warm and rich blessings and praises. And it is a masterpiece that conveys heartfelt prayers and wishes.

In the making of Chinese knots, rope is the main material. The choice of rope should pay attention to its gloss and toughness as poor-quality rope will have a hollow feeling when pinched. Although the material can be eclectic, professional weaving rope will be easier to shape, and the knitted knot will be more beautiful. In the process of knitting, drawing is the most important step. If the technique is right, the knot can be neat and beautiful. Different knot shapes can also be obtained by using different drawing methods. The changes are quite clever.

Chinese knots are just like Chinese paintings and calligraphy, sculptures, ceramics, and dishes. They are easily recognized by foreigners. This shows the representativeness of Chinese knots to the Chinese nation. Chinese knot art is a unique folk art of hand-knitting in China. With its unique oriental charm and colorful changes, it fully embodies the wisdom and profound cultural heritage of the Chinese people.

Huoyanshan Scenic Area

Huoyanshan Scenic Area is located on the east side of Lianhuo Expressway in the east of Turpan City, about 30 kilometers away from the urban area. It is a scenic area dominated by fiery reddish-brown sandstone landforms. This place is historically the site of the ancient kingdom of Gaochang, and in legend, this is the location of the Flame Mountain in “Journey to the West”. The red mountain looks like a burning flame from a distance, and the scenic area is created with the theme of “Journey to the West”. In the landscape area, the tall golden hoop thermometer is the symbol here. This is a must-see for many tourists visiting Turpan.

Huoyanshan Scenic Area is divided into two parts: underground and above ground, and it takes about 1-2 hours to play around. Ordinary, tourists will go to the underground part first. Here is a corridor-style exhibition hall. The ceiling of the exhibition hall is set as sky-like lighting, which is very unique. There are statues and introductions related to Gaochang’s ancient country in the exhibition hall. You can visit them to learn about the history of Gaochang’s ancient country. In the exhibition hall, there are souvenir shops and restaurants, etc., which can be consumed according to personal interests.

After visiting the underground scenic area, you can go to the above-ground part. The above-ground part of the landscape is the fiery red rocks and cliffs. It is very spectacular and suitable for taking pictures. There are many sculptures about the film of Journey to the West on the square above the ground, and there is a huge thermometer which is called a gold hoop.

The Huoyanshan Scenic Area in summer is particularly hot, the temperature can be as high as 58 degrees, and the climate is very dry. If you come there during this time, it must be a special experience. However, you should pay attention to bring more drinking water when you visit the Huoyanshan Scenic Area, and prepare sun protection equipment such as sun hats, sunglasses, and headscarves to avoid heat stroke.

Cruise Ships to Comfortably Enjoy the Charming Views of Yangtze River

You can travel to the Three Gorges by car or plane to Chongqing or Yichang, and then go to the local pier to take a cruise ship to visit the scenic spot. In this way, the transportation, accommodation, and catering can be handed over to the cruise ship, eliminating the hassle of traveling around each city and the trouble of finding a hotel. The entire trip is generally about 3-5 days. Due to the difference between upstream and downstream, the sailing time of upstream is about 1 day longer than that of downstream.

Take the Three Gorges cruise ship and generally choose the “Chongqing-Yichang (or Yichang-Chongqing)” section, stopping at Fuling, Fengdu, Zhongxian, Wanzhou, Yunyang, Fengjie, Wushan, Badong, Guizhou and other stations along the way. There are three classes of cabins: first-class cabin (two-person room), second-class cabin (two-person room) and third-class cabin (6-person room), with no separate seats. Ordinary cruise ships mainly include Jiangshan Series, Three Gorges Sightseeing Series, Inland Sightseeing Series, and Oriental Series. The full fare ranges from 650 yuan (third-class cabin) to about 2,100 yuan

In addition, there are some luxury cruise routes on the Three Gorges route, such as Victoria Series, Yangtze River Overseas Series, Century Series, Changjiang Angel Series, Changjiang Princess Series, etc. The facilities are more luxurious. The room types are divided into double standard rooms, suites and presidential suites. The fare ranges from about 1700 yuan (standard room) to 13600 yuan (presidential suite), including meals on board, tickets for the attractions listed in the itinerary, tour guide explanations, singing and dancing performances on board, and evening parties.

If you do not take a cruise, there are passenger ships between the counties and cities of the Three Gorges, which are divided into two types of spaceships (speedboats) and slowboats. The speed of the spaceship is about three times that of the slowboat, and there are more flights. However, passenger ships dock at the passenger port and tourists need to go to the scenic spot by themselves after leaving the port.

HongYa Cave

HongYa Cave Folk Customs District is a good place to visit Chongqing Old Street, watch the scenery of the two rivers, and taste local food. HongYa Cave Commercial Street is located in Cangbai Road, Yuzhong District, the riverside area where the Yangtze River and the Jialing River meet. The main building is the “stilted building” with traditional architectural features of Chongqing, and it is built along the river and along the mountain.

HongYa Cave Folk Customs District is composed of Zhiyanhe Bar Street, Tiancheng Lane Bayu Style Street, Feast Food Street and Exotic City Balcony. The stilted building through the mountain construction techniques such as tiers, hanging feet, staggers, and cliffs brings this piece of architecture together. At night, it is brightly lit and can be called the special scene in Chongqing.

When you go into the HongYa Cave Folk Customs District, there are dense stilted buildings on both sides. There are 11 floors from Yanjiang Road at the foot to Cangbai Road on the top floor. The content of each floor is different. There are restaurants, snack streets, bars and cafes, and souvenir shops. The top floor is an exotic city balcony, which can be directly reached by elevator. Standing on the viewing platform, you can view the intersection of the two rivers from afar, and the scenery is infinite.

HongYa Cave Folk Customs District, as a national AAAA tourist scenic area, displays Chongqing traditional folk customs, together with Chaotianmen Square and Jiefangbei Business District, it forms the most popular tourist destination in Chongqing. It condenses the three thousand years of Chongqing’s historical precipitation, integrates the unique folk culture of Chongqing, the architectural culture of mountain dwellings, and the dock culture, becoming a unique and beautiful city business card that has attracted worldwide attention. Today, with its unique cultural connotation and bright architectural features, it has become a landmark scenic spot in Chongqing. Every day, Hongya Cave attracts tourists from all over the world with its unique charm and unrepeatable characteristics.

Yichang Three Gorges Travel: How to Save Money While Enjoying the Tour?

About eating: Try not to eat in the scenic area, but overall, the consumption in the Yichang Three Gorges scenic area is not high. The dinner is generally 35-40 yuan/person. If it is in the urban area, it is almost the same price, but it has more choices for dishes than in the scenic area. Regarding the special foods in the scenic spot, it is recommended to taste a small amount, if you want to buy a large amount, you can go to a large supermarket in the city to buy it.

About accommodation: Try to book online first! During the peak season, the on-site reservation price is more expensive than usual, and there is not necessarily a room, especially on holidays. 80% of the on-site reservations are not available. When you arrive in an unfamiliar city, if you don’t know how to get to the hotel after getting off the plane or leaving the train station, the best way is to book a hotel package that can pick you up, which will be a lot more convenient.

About itinerary: Most of Yichang Three Gorges’ scenic spots are in the mountains, and the distribution of scenic spots is relatively scattered. Although there are some shuttle buses or buses arriving at the scenic spot, it is more troublesome to wait for the bus to transfer. Especially for the elderly and children, we recommend a suitable individual passenger group, as the price is favorable, it can pick up and drop off nearby, and there is a free guide service. Of course, if you want to be more comfortable, you can also choose a chartered car. The price will be slightly more expensive.

About tickets: Yichang Three Gorges scenic spots tickets can be purchased at the scenic spot, but queuing in the peak season will be painful. In addition, the price is much more expensive than online booking. Some scenic spots have a ticket limit policy during the peak season. It is not always possible to get a ticket at the ticket office in the scenic area. So, I suggest that all attraction tickets be booked online in advance, the price is cheaper than the on-site purchasing, and there is no need to queue.

About how to play: In the scenic area, try to experience yourself wherever you can. Of course, in scenic areas with many steps or tourists with limited physical strength, it is recommended to take the travel tool in the scenic area. Some scenic spots are relatively large. It is better to book a one-day tour or a multi-day tour as there will be a tour guide and it is more organized in a limited time and it is cost-effective.

If you don’t want to share the tour guide and car with strangers, please consider a small tour package. This method is very suitable for family, friends, and colleagues to travel together, which is both worry-free and private. Now let’s start a pleasant journey to the Three Gorges.

Authentic Experiences You Cannot Miss When Visiting the Three Gorges

1.Cross the Three Gorges along the river

Take a luxury cruise ship, let go of busy work, depart from Chongqing Chaotianmen Wharf, go down the water, and live a few days on the boat, your mood will be as calm as the river.

2.Pillow your lover’s shoulder to appreciate the Goddess Peak

Wu Gorge has a unique climate, with clouds and mist all year round. The Goddess Peak often disappears after the clouds and mist. Whether you are on a cruise ship or in a village on the other side of the Goddess Peak, as long as you are together with your loved ones, the travel is happy.

3.Slowly visit the Dachang ancient town

Dachang is not a famous tourist spot, but it is one of the most representative ancient towns in the hinterland of the Three Gorges. In the evening, there are not many tourists. The town is full of locals. Chat with them, drink tea, or take a walk along the Daning River to tease the children who are playing on the riverside. You can feel the slow life of the Three Gorges people.

4.Hiking the Fengjie Xiaozhai Pit

Fengjie Xiaozhai Tiankeng features a height of 145 floors and the drop of more than 400 meters. It is the heaven of eyes here, but the hell of legs. When you go down to the bottom of the pit, admire the gurgling dark river and look up at the huge cliffs, you will feel the insignificance of humanity and the magic of nature.

5.Taste the hot pot, grilled fish, and various spicy temptations

If you don’t eat spicy food, there will be a lot less fun in life. In the Three Gorges, all kinds of Sichuan and Chongqing delicacies bring the temptation of the tip of the traveler’s tongue, every food will make you unforgettable. Come to the Three Gorges to do two things, one is to prepare the camera to shoot the beautiful scenery, and the other is to prepare a foodie’s stomach. Don’t forget to ask for a cold beer.

6.Feel the majesty of Kuimen

Kuimen is the west gate of Qutang Gorge. Kuimen is majestic, and the best angle to admire Kuimen is on the observation deck on the southeast side of Baidi City. If a small boat drives out of the Kuimen, the huge towering rock wall of Kuimen contrasts with the leaf-like boat on the river surface, which could highlight the majesty of Kuimen.

Wushan Mountain’s Lesser Three Gorges: Satisfy Your Ultimate Fantasy of the Three Gorges

The best way to enter the Lesser Three Gorges is to take a boat through the scenic river channel of the Lesser Three Gorges and take a boat up the river from the mouth of Dicui Gorge. This does not seem easy. However, it is very attractive for tourists with a spirit of exploration, because only through this trek can we truly find the tranquility away from the hustle and bustle.

The Lesser Three Gorges is located on the Madu River, a tributary of the Dicui Gorge of the Daning River. It is the general term for Changtan Gorge, Qinwang Gorge, and Sancheng Gorge. In terms of appearance and scenery, the water channel is narrower, the mountain is particularly steep, the canyon is deeper, and the water quality is purer. Boating through the entrance, along the way, there are many colorful peaks, mountains and rivers, beautiful scenery, continue to go deep into the canyon, the cliffs on both sides face each other, the river is narrow, showing the temptation of the unstoppable mountains.

“There are many beautiful legends here. In addition to the green mountains and the green water, there are caves on the cliffs along the way, and there are hanging coffins.” Speaking of the beautiful scenery here, the boatman’s face cannot help but exude inexplicable joy and pride.

The boat slowly drives along the river channel and in the villages in the distance. The villagers sing the bright folk songs and welcome the guests in the distance. The boatman also become interested, and responds to the villagers in the mountain with a passionate folk song. When you are accompanied by the singing of the song, the landscape along the way has become even more amazing. The primitive vegetation is everywhere, the emerald colors are everywhere, the bizarre stalactites are born everywhere, exuding the primitive and simple atmosphere, which is full of rich poetry and painting atmosphere, making people only have the fun of returning to nature and embracing nature.

The winding river, like a blue ribbon, surrounds the mountains along the coast. The mountains are like the loyal guards, waiting for the others. These originally unconnected scenes, come together to create the charming style of the Lesser Three Gorges.

How to Appreciate the Red Leaves of the Three Gorges?

Here is a summary of the current popular way of sightseeing for you to appreciate the red leaves of Three Gorges: sightseeing by boat, experiencing by car, hiking. Under normal circumstances, the three ways of traveling by car, hiking and boating are combined with each other.

Experience the Three Gorges Autumn Leaves by Car

Goddess Creek Circle Line

Depart from Wushan County, through the Yangtze River Bridge to reach Liuping Tourist Reception Center in Jianping Township; transfer to a battery car to reach Huangyan Tourist Reception Center; then take Wushan County’s first sightseeing ropeway to reach the mountainside; walk down the mountain to the Jingtan upstream of Goddess Creek Peak Power Station; transfer to a cruise ship to Qingshi Village; finally, take a boat through the Yangtze River Wu Gorge and return to the county, forming a loop of water and land tourism. More than 10 kilometers of tourist routes have red leaves and beautiful scenery, which is the most attractive red leaf scenic spot.

Mountaineering and hiking experience

The Three Gorges used to be one of the top ten hiking routes in China. Nowadays, the more popular hiking routes are generally selected for the most elaborate road to appreciate the red leaves on both sides of Wushan. Departing from Yichang, you will arrive at Wushan County, start the hiking tour of the Three Gorges Red Leaf Essence, pilgrimage to the first goddess peak of the twelve peaks, and then return to Wushan County to complete the journey of the Three Gorges’ stunning red leaves. This route belongs to the most elite trekking journey of viewing the red leaves of the Three Gorges, and the difficulty is moderate. The public can withstand the physical strength. The whole journey takes about five days to enjoy the beautiful scenery of the Three Gorges red leaves. It is also a hot hiking route.

Boat trip to visit the Three Gorges red leaves

There are two main ways to take a boat tour. One is the normal cruise ship as a way of ferrying. This kind of boat tour generally combines mountaineering and car tour.

The other is to take the Three Gorges luxury cruise ship alone. It is also suitable for traveling with the elderly and children, but it is best to book cruise ship tickets half a month in advance. The Three Gorges luxury cruise ship is mainly driven through the Chongqing-Yichang section of the Three Gorges of the Yangtze River, passing through Qutang Gorge, Wu Gorge, Xiling Gorge, and stopping at Fengdu Ghost Town, Shibaozhai, Baidi City, Small Three Gorges, Three Gorges Dam, Shennv Creek, Shennong Creek, etc. You will eat and live on the cruise all the way, which is very casual and comfortable.

Yangtze River Travel Guide on Appreciating the Red Leaf of Three Gorges Red

When will the best time to appreciate the Three Gorges red leaves?

From the beginning of November every year to January of the following year, the Three Gorges seems to become a section of dazzling and magnificent red leaf gallery. It is colorful in mid-autumn, then become redder and redder in late autumn, and will be reddest in early winter.

The viewing period of the red leaves in the Three Gorges of the Yangtze River lasts for about 3 months, which lasts from the beginning of November to January the following year. Because the height of the mountain is different, the length of the red leaves blossom time is not the same, so the time lasts long. The viewing period of other red leaf scenic spots is only about one month.

The best place to view the red leaves of the Three Gorges

The red leaves of the Three Gorges are widely distributed, broadly speaking, it is covering the entire Three Gorges; the vast mountains and gorges, which is east to Yichang, Nanjinguan, Hubei, west to Chongqing Fengjie Qutang Gorge, south to Enshi, north to Daba Mountains, almost are all covered in pieces of red leaves for 70% of the mountain.

In a narrow sense, it is the territory of Wushan County. The most concentrated areas are Wushan County, with tens of thousands of acres of red leaves distributed on both sides of the Yangtze River from Qutangxia Gorge in the west and Wuxia Gorge in the east. The red leaves here gather the essence of the mountains and the essence of the red leaves, which makes it the best place to go.

Wushan’s red leaf has always been known for its largest area, most varieties, longest cycle, latest bloom, and the most beautiful scenery. Wushan County has red leaves all over the Wu Gorge Twelve Peaks, Little Three Gorges, Goddess Creek and other places, especially Goddess Creek and Cuiping Peak, Jixian Peak and other peaks and Bawuxia are the most concentrated, so these places will become crowded from mid-October.

How to appreciate the red leaves of the Three Gorges?

To appreciate the red leaves in Wushan, you can take the car up the mountain and hover along the highway to see the red leaves of the mountains at your sight; you can also take a boat to enjoy the red leaves of the Three Gorges of the Yangtze River on both sides; you can also hike the mountain red leaf forest trails or mule horse trails to get intimate contact with red leaves, take photography in the red leaves, look for poetic inspiration in the red leaves, collect red leaves as specimens. In short, there is endless fun.

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